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The Once Upon a Time Universe is featured in ABC's Once Upon a Time and Once Upon a Time in Wonderland. It comprehends all of the worlds, characters, items and locations featured in the shows, books, comics and other canon media.


A real world. How arrogant are you to think yours is the only one? There are infinite more. You have to open your mind. They touch one another, pressing up in a long line of lands, each just as real as the last. All have their own rules. Some have magic, some don't.

Jefferson to Emma src

The Once Upon a Time Universe is divided into many worlds. Some worlds are subsequently divided into realms. Some realms are divided furthermore into kingdoms, countries, or other equivalent territories.

The "Real" World

Regina can't cast that curse if you're in New York. There's no magic there.

Neal Cassidy to Henry Mills src
Often referred to as the Real World, the Land Without Magic is largely based off Planet Earth.

Realms of Storytelling

Many worlds and realms are based off real life stories, whether it be from fairy tales, novels, movies, or other media.


"Alternate" Worlds

When I finished the book, I returned it to the Sorcerer's Mansion, and you know what I found? Hundreds of other books. With the stories I thought I knew, but told differently. Like, you know how there's a French Snow White, and an Italian one. There's endless possibilities.

Henry to Regina src

Just as there may be different versions of a singular story, a singular world may have "parallel" or "alternate" worlds. These alternate worlds may share similar or exact traits, such as people or places.


Literary Versions of the "Real World"

The places I go... Well... They're a lot farther apart. I-I travel across realms. Realms of storytelling. [...] This place right here is one of them. It... It exists out of time. Tell me, what year is it? [...] We're not in a time. We're in a realm of story. There are many... Some beautiful, some horrific, and some just plain magical.

Isaac to Cruella De Vil src
There are also several worlds that are allegedly out of time, stuck in an era remarkably similar to that of specific Land Without Magic literature period.

Land of Untold Stories

The Land of Untold Stories seems to be a place where people from other worlds go to prevent their stories from fully playing out. Lethal poisons, for example, temporarily stop advancing down the blood current, not reaching the heart.

World Behind the Mirror

The World Behind the Mirror is a realm where people can be trapped in by sending them through Enchanted Mirrors. There seems to be nothing in this world other than ruins, trees, rocks and mirrors that allow people to see through them, allowing them to spy through the mirrors of the different worlds, but they are one-way mirrors.

Worlds in Between

Some worlds cannot be reached physically. Instead, someone's soul can travel to these worlds while they are asleep, through different ways and because of different factors:

  • The Netherworld is divided into different rooms, each meant to be reached through different means. When inflicted with a Sleeping Curse, the soul goes to the Hall of Mirrors. When going back to the Netherworld after the first time, the soul will find itself in the Red Room, located beneath the Hall of Mirrors, regardless of this victim has already been awoken by True Love's kiss.

When people fall under a sleeping curse, the soul travels to a Netherworld, where it resides until awoken. Now, this world is between life and death, and it’s very real. However, even when the curse is broken, sometimes, in sleep, the victims find their way back to that world.

Mr. Gold to Henry Mills src
  • The Dream World is the place where souls go when they dream. It is possible to reach somebody else's Dream World by pouring Sands of Morpheus over someone's sleeping body.

Mr. Gold: Why would Belle want to dream about this place?
Gideon: Usually, our dreams pick us, not the other way around.

Gideon and Mr. Gold src

The Afterlife

In the Once Upon a Time Universe, there are different worlds where the souls of the deceased go to after their death.

Souls with unfinished business go to the Underworld, where they stay as long as it takes for them to solve them. Once they have dealt with their unfinished business, they can move on to a Better Place, known as Mount Olympus. However, they can also be sent to a Worse Place before they are able to complete their unfinished business.


Main article: World-crossing

Magical Waters

If it's the Well of Wonders you need, Wonderland has one of its own. Magical waters flow underneath all of the lands.

Red Queen to Cyrus src


Throughout the Once Upon a Time Universe, people speak in a variety of languages. Most worlds have English as their main language, but there have been instances of other languages being used.

Real Life Languages


Fictional Languages



Main article: Magic
Main article: List of Generic Uses of Magic




Different religions are practiced across the Once Upon a Time Universe.


Different elements work as currency in different locations:



Different worlds have unique scientific discoveries and different uses of technology:

Fairy Tale Land Technology


The technology in Fairy Tale Land is comparable to medieval Europe. However, there are also more modern inventions:

Land of Untold Stories' Technology

The Land of Untold Stories has several technological artifacts and devices made of unique technology.
  • The Dirigibles that fly over the world.
  • The electricity-blasting Batons, which are apparently the only way to harm Mr. Hyde.

Land Without Color's Science

In the Land Without Color, Dr. Victor Frankenstein develops a procedure that can give life back to a deceased body. However, this procedure cannot be complete without the use of an Enchanted Heart, which is not easy to come by in that world.

Neverland Technology

Through Belief, Peter Pan creates different technological devices for Tamara and Greg Mendell to use in their apparent quest to destroy Magic.

Oz Technology



Fictional Species

Main article: List of Creatures

Real Life Species

This list includes species seen or mentioned in any Once Upon a Time Universe world other than the Land Without Magic.

  • LeechesWish Realm ("Knightfall")

  • 105LoveCrickets.png





    Plants and Fungi

    Fictional Plants and Fungi

    Main article: List of Plants and Fungi

    Real Life Plants and Fungi

    This list includes plants and fungi seen or mentioned in any Once Upon a Time Universe world other than the Land Without Magic.

    Food and Drink

    Fictional Food and Drink

    Real Life Food and Drink

    This list includes real life food and drink seen or mentioned in any Once Upon a Time Universe world other than the Land Without Magic.

    Dairy Products




    • Meat loaf – Fairy Tale Land ("The Cricket Game")
    • Meat pie – Fairy Tale Land ("It's Not Easy Being Green")
    • Oatmeal – The Underworld ("Our Decay")
    • Pancakes[114] – The Underworld ("Ruby Slippers")
    • Porridge[116] – The Underworld ("Our Decay" et al.)
    • Rice pudding[116] – The Underworld ("Our Decay" et al.)
    • Risotto[116] – The Underworld ("Our Decay" et al.)
    • Sausages[117] – Fairy Tale Land ("Good Form", "The Final Battle Part 1")
      • Chicken Sausages[115] – The Underworld ("Ruby Slippers")
    • Soup[97] – Fairy Tale Land ("Red's Untold Story")
      • Chicken Soup[115] – The Underworld ("Ruby Slippers")
    • Steamed Cauliflower[66] – The Underworld ("Labor of Love" et al.)
    • Stew – Fairy Tale Land,[118][119] Oz ("Red's Untold Tale", "Chosen")
      • Lamb Stew[118] – Fairy Tale Land ("Red's Untold Tale")
      • Vegetable Stew[119] – Fairy Tale Land ("Red's Untold Tale")
    • Tapioca Pudding[120] – The Underworld ("Souls of the Departed" et al.)
    • Tofu[116] – The Underworld ("Our Decay" et al.)


    Alcoholic Beverages

    Non-Alcoholic Drinks









    1. File:211Burning.png
    2. File:211SaveMe.png
    3. File:212Commission.png
    4. File:520ScaleTable.png
    5. English translation of 'capo'. Collins English Dictionary. Retrieved on September 9, 2018.
    6. Banfi, Riccardo (September 13, 2016). What does the Italian word "mangia" translate to in English?. Quora.
    7. File:202Rumplestiltskin.png
    8. File:W103BookOfMagic.png
    9. File:214DraftNotice.png
    10. File:111ThoroughSweep.png
    11. File:W101Paper.png
    12. File:513AboutToMoveCouch.png
    13. File:417Container.png
    14. Aliakbari, Muhammad. The Realization of Address Terms in Modern Persian in Iran: A Sociolinguistic Study. University of Bern. Retrieved on June 14, 2020. “مامان /mâmân/ (mom)”
    15. 15 Farsi Words for Love; Show Your Love in Different Way. Nikmood (November 26, 2021). “Noore Cheshmam (نور چشمم) "Noore Cheshmam," which literally means "the light of my eyes," is the next term in our list of Farsi words for love.”
    16. Dictionary matches for "SARAK". Sufinama. “Persian Dictionary (...) sarak सरक • سرک to be set aside, get out of the way / move, stire [sic]
    17. سرک (Persian). WordSense. “Noun سرک‎ (sarak) (pl. سرک‌ها‎) road”
    18. File:412SistersAreBack.png
    19. File:401Graves.png
    20. File:103Bridge.png
    21. File:406ForgetThisNonsense.png
    22. File:413HowCanWe.png
    23. File:516EverythingHeEverWanted.png
    24. 24.0 24.1 Red's Untold Tale, Wendy Toliver, Kingswell Teen, September 2015, pp. 232 − 233: ""...shaking his head at a chubby frog on a log. The instant the frog turned its bulging eyes on me, it promptly hopped away." (...) "When we'd walked through the forest, bluebirds and butterflies had fluttered above me (...)"
    25. Regina Rising, Wendy Toliver, Kingswell Teen, April 2017, p. 3
    26. Red's Untold Tale, pp. 54 − 55: "...the lopsided beeswax candles we lit every evening..."
    27. Regina Rising, p. 60: "...I'd wanted to be one of the many butterflies or birds that lived in the gardens so I could stay there forever."
    28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 File:615OfferDeclined.png
    29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 Regina Rising, p. 137: "After Claire told the coachman when to come back for us, she sat on a moss-covered log on the bank and patted the space next to her."
    30. Red's Untold Tale, p. 276: "Peter scratched under his collar as if he'd been bitten by fleas."
    31. Red's Untold Tale, p. 261: "Probably just a pesky little gnat or something."
    32. Red's Untold Tale, 342: "...when I saw that it was just the gray cat, chasing spiders in the rafters, I exhaled with disappointment."
    33. Knubbin has a crow in chapter Thirteen, Fifteen and Nineteen of Red's Untold Tale
    34. Regina Rising, p. 239: "“It's a good thing you're beautiful, my darling girl, because you are no nightingale.“"
    35. 35.0 35.1 35.2 Red's Untold Tale, 2015, p. 86: "Small woodland creatures— squirrels, mice, rabbits, and foxes— are running with me. Or at least I think they are. (...) A giant owl screeches as it shoots into the starless night sky."
    36. Henry and Violet, ch. Eleven: "It was like traveling at night through the primordial wood in Camelot; there was only the path in front of you and darkness on all sides, except here there were no hooting owls or scurrying small animals."
    37. Red's Untold Tale, p. 61: "Robins glided over our heads""
      Regina Rising, p. 98: "...I spotted the second ribbon. A robin must have swiped it, as it was woven into a nest high above our heads."
    38. Red's Untold Tale, p. 116: "Not even a rodent scuttling, a bat's wings flapping, or a leaf rustling in the wind."
    39. 39.0 39.1 (Looking at footprints) "That's a dog. See how small that is? (...) That…is a rabbit. What we're looking for will be huge. Like a dog print, but big." (Red Riding Hood, "Red-Handed)
    40. TwitterLogo.svg @JaneEspenson (Jane Espenson) on Twitter (November 6, 2016). "I believe we cast an English Shepherd." (screenshot)
    41. Red's Untold Tale, p. 86: "What if the cloak wasn’t magic at all, like the feather in that story Granny used to tell to me about the elephant with the big ears?"
    42. 42.0 42.1 Regina Rising, p. 4: "The birds took to the air, the squirrels and rabbits and foxes scurried off"
    43. Red's Untold Tale, 2015, p. 4: "Still, it sounded like a mean ole grizzly was hibernating in Granny’s bedroom."
    44. Red's Untold Tale, p. 97: "A hare hopped alongside me for a little while"
    45. Red's Untold Tale, p. 43: "Granny harrumphed. “It is what it is. Anyhow, if you could just do something with it. Toss it out— or better yet, feed it to Farmer Thompson's pigs.”"
      Regina Rising, p. 292: "Nonetheless, it was definitely a cage of some kind, plenty big enough to hold a goat, a pig, or a large dog."
    46. "You scratch it out, like a rat scrabbling in the filth." –Cruella to Isaac, "Sympathy for the De Vil"
    47. Red's Untold Tale, p. 28: “Oh, yes, it came out all right. It was a… skunk.”
    48. When Belle arrives at Wandering Oaken's Trading Post in "Family Business", you can briefly see a squirrel running from left to right, between Belle's head and the shop
    49. File:210WeddingOfCourse.png
    50. Regina Rising, p. 238: "“The sea is teeming with deadly creatures, whether the waters are deep or shallow. (...) Giant octopuses that will wrap their tentacles around you.“"
    51. 51.0 51.1 51.2 51.3 51.4 51.5 51.6 51.7 51.8 File:213Food.png
    52. 52.0 52.1 52.2 52.3 File:615TimePrincess.png
    53. 53.0 53.1 "Careful. The last person to speak so freely to me is now peeling bananas with their feet." (Zelena, "Where Bluebirds Fly")
    54. 54.0 54.1 54.2 Red's Untold Tale, p. 9: I couldn't bake worth a bag of beans. Speaking of beans, “I made coffee,” I said.
    55. 55.0 55.1 55.2 55.3 55.4 55.5 55.6 55.7 File:618Food2.png
    56. 56.0 56.1 56.2 56.3 56.4 56.5 File:605ThievesInAgrabah.png
    57. 57.0 57.1 57.2 57.3 57.4 File:713SmeeRushesOver.png
    58. 58.0 58.1 58.2 Red's Untold Tale, p. 224: "I stopped to drink from a spring and explore a cave, and that’s where I found a patch of bilberry shrubs. Only I didn’t know them to be any different from blueberries, at the time."
    59. 59.0 59.1 File:303ThatsAmusing.png
    60. 60.0 60.1 60.2 Regina Rising, p. 107: "I was struck with an aroma of wonderful smells−those of pork and mutton, freshly baked bread, and buttery beans."
    61. 61.0 61.1 61.2 61.3 61.4 61.5 File:401ElsaWait2.png
    62. 62.0 62.1 62.2 62.3 62.4 File:220HadYouFlogged.png
    63. 63.0 63.1 63.2 63.3 "I have a great love for your people especially poached with lemon and capers." –Jafar, "A Wondrous Place"
    64. 64.0 64.1 64.2 64.3 64.4 64.5 64.6 File:713SurvivedTheDay.png
    65. File:213DinnerTable.png
    66. 66.0 66.1 66.2 66.3 66.4 66.5 66.6 File:513Bulging.png
    67. 67.0 67.1 67.2 67.3 Red's Untold Tale, p. 266: "“I can bring you more pies, if you please. Apple, cherry, and in a few more weeks, peach."
    68. 68.0 68.1 68.2 Regina Rising, p. 199: "...I drizzled sweat cream on top of a slice of cherry pie."
    69. 69.0 69.1 69.2 File:621StandingOnTable.png
    70. "So...So I'm scrabbling down the rock face to try and save him when the stupid goat, he sees a scrub. No bigger than a chickpea. But he has to eat it." –Akil, "The Serpent"
    71. 71.0 71.1 File:621ReachingTableTop.png
    72. Red's Untold Tale, p. 241: "On its roof grew patches of grass and wilting dandelions"
    73. 73.0 73.1 73.2 73.3 File:W104UsingMagic.png
    74. 74.0 74.1 74.2 74.3 74.4 File:W108Invisible.png
    75. Regina Rising, p. 46: "I pointed to the small patch of leafless elms that bordered the stables."
    76. 76.0 76.1 Red's Untold Tale, p. 20: "Before the oak tree had grown tall and strong enough to support the rope swing I’d spent countless hours on." (...)"...it had been years since Granny had (…) trimmed back the ferns that covered the stone path leading to the front door(...)"
    77. Regina Rising, p. 62: "We pushed through some particularly large ferns and finally caught our first glimpse of the Woman's home."
    78. Red's Untold Tale, pp. 36 − 37: "Named after the forget-me-not flowers that grew on the edges of the forest, it was supposed to help everybody remember their childhoods as they moved on into their adult lives."
    79. 79.0 79.1 File:109GretelMovesAway.png
    80. 80.0 80.1 80.2 Red's Untold Tale, p. 95: "You realize these gooseberry tarts won the blue ribbon at the village bake-off.”'"
    81. Red's Untold Tale, p. 98: "Sprigs of holly crisscrossed the length of the table"
    82. Red's Untold Tale, p. 45: "...the boys (...) mentioned that other girls at the school (...) were beautiful and smelled of honeysuckle."
    83. 83.0 83.1 "You are amazing. You make the best lavender lemonade north of the bayou." -Cecelia to Rapunzel, "One Little Tear"
    84. 84.0 84.1 File:106ItWasInteresting.png
    85. 85.0 85.1 85.2 Red's Untold Tale, p. 16: "Three flapjacks were stacked on her tin plate, drizzled with maple syrup and dolloped with creamy butter."
    86. 86.0 86.1 86.2 86.3 86.4 File:621Table.png
    87. 87.0 87.1 File:109ThroughTheBars.png
    88. 88.0 88.1 88.2 File:W103ExcuseMeMrGrendel2.png
    89. Regina Rising, p. 18: "My mother slid the orchids out of the way, leaving the vase teetering on the edge of the table."
    90. 90.0 90.1 90.2 90.3 90.4 90.5 Red's Untold Tale, p. 216: "“It’s too early in the season for peaches. But I have rhubarb, your second favorite,” I offered, and thankfully, it was enough to get the cranky bachelor to open the door."
    91. 91.0 91.1 91.2 91.3 Red's Untold Tale, p. 175: "“It looks like someone drank her mead,” I teased, speaking of the local tradition where newlyweds become fertile after downing the honey liquor for a month. “I want to hug you, but I’m afraid I might crush that adorable baby of yours,” I said. “He is rather tiny.” It was hard to believe such a little peanut would someday grow into a full-sized man."
    92. 92.0 92.1 File:W105ForADaughter2.png
    93. 93.0 93.1 93.2 93.3 93.4 93.5 File:316DontRemember.png
    94. 94.0 94.1 File:213WatchingAnton.png
    95. File:111FootstepsApproaching.png
    96. 96.0 96.1 "Excellent. I'm about as regal as a potato." (Queen Regina, "The Evil Queen")
    97. 97.0 97.1 "Red's Untold Tale, p. 69: "I watched helplessly and wordlessly as she smashed into the cake like a hammer to a pumpkin. (...) “I'm sorry to be the bearer of bad news, Red, but this cake of yours? It’s even more horrid than the stone soup they force down our throats at school.”"
    98. File:517MyLocker.png
    99. 99.0 99.1 Regina Rising, pp. 67 − 68: "...I saw Claire sitting in a cushiony chair, looking completely at ease as she sampled the piece of strawberry cake the woman had given her."
    100. File:303Tavern.png
    101. File:518AppearingInOz.png
    102. Regina Rising, p. 7: "He entered, and with him came the sweet, earthy aroma of tobacco."
    103. 103.0 103.1 File:615TravelingToAgrabah.png
    104. File:303TinkIsHome.png
    105. File:518Snow.png
    106. 106.0 106.1 Red's Untold Tale, p. 209: "And, to my delight, the cookies called for just four ingredients: butter, sugar, flour, and vanilla— all of which Granny had at the ready."
    107. 107.0 107.1 File:321TheEnchantedForest.png
    108. File:604LydgateHouse.png
    109. File:W104WatermelonCut.png
    110. Regina Rising, p. 177: "Her father, my grandfather, had been a miller. In his day, she'd told me, he'd run a simple yet successful business milling wheat into flour and delivering it not only to the villagers, but to King Xavier himself."
    111. Regina Rising, p. 72: "I forgot the sweet cream. Sit, wait, I'll be right back with it.”"
    112. 112.0 112.1 Regina Rising, pp. 197 − 198: "It was when I approached the roasted lamb that I accidentally bumped into a man."
    113. "Yeah, I definitely smell like pork." –Henry, crawling out of a barrel in "Breadcrumbs"
    114. 114.0 114.1 File:518FamilyRecipe.png
    115. 115.0 115.1 115.2 115.3 115.4 115.5 115.6 115.7 115.8 File:518LiftsUpDishCloth.png
    116. 116.0 116.1 116.2 116.3 116.4 116.5 116.6 116.7 File:516HereAndThere.png
    117. File:305Death.png
    118. 118.0 118.1 Red's Untold Tale, p. 230: "Mama's making lamb stew for supper because my papa and I are going after the wolves.”"
    119. 119.0 119.1 119.2 119.3 Red's Untold Tale, p. 221: After baking and bundling up cookies, pies, buns, and dog biscuits for the next day’s deliveries (...) to mop up the last traces of vegetable stew with her biscuit (...)
    120. File:512WasThat.png
    121. Red's Untold Tale, p. 55: "I placed the mugs of cider on the table, careful to set the one with the pinch of poppy dust closest to her."
    122. 122.0 122.1 Regina Rising, p. 211: "“What is that”, I asked.
      Her rosy lips curved into a smirk, and her eyes glittered in the low light. “Cider.”
      (...)"It smelled of apples, perhaps on the rotten side, and vinegar (...)"
    123. As Cyrus and his brothers celebrate the victorious card game in "Dirty Little Secrets", Cyrus orders mahia for everyone in the bar. Mahia ("water of life") is the traditional eau de vie of Morocco, and is made from dried figs and anise seeds. It is traditionally distilled by Jews. (Source)
    124. Regina Rising, p. 67: "I've put the kettle on, so we can have hot cocoa.”"
    125. File:512YourMajesty.png
    126. File:710LuckyWeAre.png
    127. 127.0 127.1 127.2 File:710SpecialLittle.png
    128. 128.0 128.1 File:710ThatsMyJob.png
    129. 129.0 129.1 129.2 Regina Rising, p. 175: "My mother offered me one of Rainy's fine biscuits, loaded with almonds, raisins and cinnamon."
    130. 130.0 130.1 'Red's Untold Tale, p. 341: "“Here, I have another delicious crumpet. And a raisin cookie, if that’s to your liking.”"
    131. File:111FootstepsApproaching.png
    132. 132.0 132.1 132.2 "Red's Untold Tale", p. 22: "All right, so croissants weren’t his favorite. “— as well as a variety of cookies and muffins,” I continued brightly. “You look like a muffin man to me. (…) For today’s special bargain price, you can have your choice of bran or blueber—”
    133. Regina Rising, p. 291: "Squashes, carrots, and heads of cabbage filled a round reed basket"
    134. Regina Rising, p. 17: "...the three of us had everything we could possibly need−including several spoonfuls of honey for our guest (...)"
    135. Red's Untold Tale, p. 11: "Had I added a tablespoon of salt when I was supposed to use a teaspoon?"
      Regina Rising, p. 252: "“If I throw some salt on that slug, do you think he'll disappear?” I asked under my breath."
    136. Regina Rising, p. 197: "I placed a small baguette on my plate"
    137. File:119WhereIWasGoing.png
    138. 138.0 138.1 'Red's Untold Tale, p. 180: "Finally, I found (a cookie) and handed it to him with a smile. “Ah, oatmeal raisin. My personal favorite. You're very lucky I even have one left.”
      He scrunched his snotty little nose. “Do you have a sugar cookie?”
      “Sorry, I’m all out.”"
    139. Red's Untold Tale, p. 20: "It had been years since the village children gathered by the fireplace while Granny read storybooks and baked more shortbread cookies than our little bellies could hold."
    140. 140.0 140.1 Red's Untold Tale, p. 23: "She had ordered a half-dozen crumpets and an apple pie for her family"
    141. Regina Rising, p. 276: "Though my mother glared at me, I bit into the gingersnap."
    142. Among the food that Elsa prepares as a welcome home meal for her sister in "Smash the Mirror" is "chocolate julekake". Julekake, meaning "yule cake", is a traditional Norwegian Christmas fruit cake, distinguished by the pungent taste of cardamon. (Source)
    143. Red's Untold Tale, p. 141: "She took a blueberry muffin for herself and filed into the little stone building behind the last of her students (...)"'
    144. Red's Untold Tale, p. 235: "“A rhubarb pie for the wizard, and some crumpets for us to snack on when we get hungry.”
    145. File:521CustomersSeeArthur.png
    146. Red's Untold Tale, p. 279: "“I know you love them, and I thought you could make some tarts.”'"
    147. Regina Rising, p. 348: "Ate a cherry tart off the platter and licked her fingers.""
    148. File:520StillHere.png
    149. 149.0 149.1 File:612OtherBoyJames.png
    150. 150.0 150.1 Regina Rising, p. 67: "...as surely any horse would chew through the licorice and peppermint-stick fence."
    151. File:612RobertSitsDown.png
    152. Regina Rising, p. 68: "“Try one of these meringue delights”, the woman said to me."
    153. File:612ChildrenWithPopcorn.png